Oral health refers to the health of our teeth, gums and the entire oral-facial system that allows us to smile, talk and chew. Some of the most common diseases affecting our oral health include tooth decay (tooth decay), gum (periodontal) disease and oral cancer. We all want healthy teeth and gums for a winning smile, fresh breath and an increase in our level of confidence. But did you know that about half of adults have or have had halitosis (also known as bad breath)? It is one of the most common dental problems and also one of the most treatable.
Tooth decay is also known as tooth decay or tooth decay. It is the most common dental problem that dentists see in patients. Practically everyone, at some point in their life, has experienced tooth decay. Tooth decay occurs when bacteria form a film, called plaque, on the surface of the teeth.
Bacteria produce acids from sugars in food. Acids permanently corrode and damage the enamel or outer layer of the tooth. Then, the acids begin to act on the softer layer of dentin under the enamel. Dental care begins with evaluating the extent of tooth decay and recommending a course of action.
This may include fillings, crowns, or a root canal. The option chosen may be extraction followed by dental implants or dental prostheses. You can help prevent tooth decay by brushing and flossing regularly (twice a day). In addition, have regular checkups with your dentist to scrape plaque off your teeth.
Gingivitis is the early and mild form of periodontal or gum disease. It is a bacterial infection caused by a buildup of plaque. Common symptoms are red, swollen gums that bleed easily. You may also experience bad breath and sensitive teeth that hurt when you chew.
Skipping brushing and poor brushing techniques may contribute to gum disease. So can crooked teeth, which are difficult to brush properly. Other risk factors include tobacco use, pregnancy and diabetes. If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis.
This occurs when the gum bags become infected. This can cause damage to the bone and the tissue that supports the teeth, since the teeth also become infected. Dental care for periodontitis includes topical antibiotics to treat the infection or a referral to a periodontist, a specialist in gum disease. Because the causes of bad breath vary widely, your dentist will perform a full evaluation and prescribe the course of action that best suits your case.
You can also have sensitive teeth because the enamel layer on your teeth is naturally thin. There are types of toothpaste and mouthwashes specifically designed for use with sensitive teeth. Your dentist may also recommend a fluoride treatment, a crown, a gum graft, or a root canal. The treatment chosen depends on the severity of your case.
Most oral health conditions are largely preventable and can be treated in their early stages. The majority of cases are dental caries (tooth decay), periodontal disease, oral cancers, oral trauma, cleft lip and palate cleft and noma (serious gangrenous disease that begins in the mouth and mainly affects children). In most low- and middle-income countries, the prevalence of oral diseases continues to increase with increasing urbanization and changes in living conditions. This is mainly due to inadequate exposure to fluoride (in the water supply and in oral hygiene products, such as toothpaste), the availability and affordability of high-sugar foods, and poor access to oral health services in the community.
The commercialization of high-sugar foods and beverages, as well as tobacco and alcohol, has led to an increasing consumption of products that contribute to oral health conditions and other non-communicable diseases. Noma is a serious gangrenous disease of the mouth and face. It mainly affects children aged 2 to 6 who suffer from malnutrition, who are affected by infectious diseases, who live in extreme poverty, with poor oral hygiene or with a weakened immune system. Normally, the body's natural defenses and good oral health care, such as brushing your teeth and flossing daily, keep bacteria under control.
However, without proper oral hygiene, bacteria can reach levels that could cause oral infections, such as tooth decay and gum disease. Mouthwash only masks the odor caused by these problems. If you have chronic bad breath, visit your dentist to see what's behind it. Tooth decay is the second most common health problem in the United States.
It is crowned only by the common cold. The best way to prevent tooth decay is to brush your teeth twice a day, floss daily, and have regular dental checkups. Bad breath, tooth decay and gum disease are common problems that can be avoided by brushing, flossing and having regular dental exams. Chronic bad breath can be caused by a myriad of oral diseases.
Tooth decay is caused by the interaction of plaque with sugar or starch. Your risk of gum disease increases if you smoke. A person in the United States dies of oral cancer every hour. However, this disease is usually curable if diagnosed and treated in the early stages.
Regular visits to the dentist can help detect oral cancer in stages. Ask your dentist if an oral cancer test is part of your regular checkup. There are several types of mouth sores that can be annoying. There's usually nothing to worry about unless they last longer than two weeks.
Tooth erosion is the loss of tooth structure. It is caused by acid that attacks enamel. Symptoms can range from tenderness to more serious problems, such as cracking. Tooth erosion is common, but can be easily prevented with proper oral care.
Oral cancer is a common and deadly disease. See your dentist right away if you have sores or difficulty moving your tongue or jaw. Mouth sores can be canker sores, cold sores, or thrush. If a sore doesn't go away on its own in two weeks, see your dentist.
Too much acid in the mouth can cause tooth erosion. It can cause your teeth to become sensitive or even break them. If you suddenly have tooth sensitivity, make an appointment with your dentist. They can see if you have a problem that needs treatment.
National Institutes of Health, National Institute for Dental and Cranial Research. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Contact us at Kneib Dentistry whenever you notice signs of any of these common dental problems and treatment can begin as soon as possible. The impact of out-of-pocket payments for dental care on household finances in low- and middle-income countries.
Get immediate help for dental emergencies, such as broken or abscessed teeth or accidental tooth loss. A recent publication from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that, although dental sealants prevent more than 80% of tooth decay, only 1 in 3 children ages 6 to 8 has a dental sealant. This seal, awarded by the American Dental Association, means that the product has been rigorously tested and approved by scientists in fields such as microbiology, toxicology, pharmacology and chemistry. It involves brushing your teeth and flossing your teeth, as well as visiting the dentist regularly for x-rays, exams and dental cleanings.
If you have warning signs such as tooth pain, bleeding gums, loose teeth, or chronic bad breath, schedule a dental visit. Prevalence and incidence of traumatic dental injuries worldwide, a meta-analysis: 1 billion living people have suffered traumatic dental injuries. Tooth decay occurs when plaque forms on the surface of a tooth and converts free sugars (all sugars added to food by the manufacturer, cook or consumer, in addition to the sugars naturally found in honey, syrups and fruit juices) contained in foods and beverages to acids that They destroy the tooth over time. Oral injuries may be due to oral factors, such as poor tooth alignment, and environmental factors (such as unsafe play areas, risky behaviors, traffic accidents, and violence).
Prevent and control oral and craniofacial diseases, conditions and injuries, and improve access to preventive services and dental care. Community water fluoridation and dental sealant programs in schools are two of the main evidence-based interventions to prevent tooth decay. Learn about common dental problems and their causes can also go a long way in helping to prevent them. .