Oral health refers to the health of our teeth, gums and the entire oral-facial system that allows us to smile, talk and chew. Some of the most common diseases affecting our oral health include tooth decay (tooth decay), gum (periodontal) disease and oral cancer. Oral health means oral health. No matter the age, oral health is vital to overall health and well-being.
Oral health affects every aspect of our lives, but is often taken for granted. The mouth is a window to your body's health. It may show signs of nutritional deficiencies or of a general infection. Systemic diseases, those that affect the entire body, may first appear due to mouth injuries or other oral problems.
Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth clean and free of diseases and other problems (e.g. ex. Bad breath) from regular brushing of the teeth (dental hygiene) and cleaning between the teeth. It is important that oral hygiene is carried out on a regular basis to allow the prevention of dental diseases and bad breath.
The most common types of dental diseases are tooth decay (tooth decay, tooth decay) and gum disease, such as gingivitis and periodontitis. Sometimes white or straight teeth are associated with oral hygiene. However, a hygienic mouth can have stained or crooked teeth. To improve the appearance of their teeth, people can use teeth whitening and orthodontic treatments.
The importance of the role of the oral microbiome in dental health is increasingly recognized. Research data in human oral microbiology show that a comensal microflora can change into an opportunistic pathogenic flora through complex changes in its environment. These changes are driven by the host and not by the bacteria. Archaeological evidence of calcified dental plaque shows remarkable changes in the oral microbiome towards a microbiome associated with the disease, with cariogenic bacteria that dominated during the Industrial Revolution.
The modern oral microbiota is significantly less diverse than historical populations. Caries, for example, has become a major endemic disease affecting 60 to 90% of schoolchildren in industrialized countries. In contrast, dental caries and periodontal diseases were rare in preneolytic and early hominids. Tooth decay is the most common global disease.
More than 80% of cavities occur within tooth fissures, where brushing cannot reach food that is trapped after eating, and saliva and fluoride have no access to neutralize acid and remineralize demineralized teeth, unlike easy-to-clean parts of the tooth, where they occur Less tooth decay. Tooth cleaning involves the removal of dental plaque and tartar from the teeth to prevent tooth decay, gingivitis, gum disease and tooth decay. Severe gum disease causes at least a third of tooth loss in adults. Since before recorded history, a variety of oral hygiene measures have been used to clean teeth.
This has been proven by several excavations carried out around the world, in which chewing sticks, tree twigs, bird feathers, animal bones and porcupine spikes have been found. In historical times, different forms of dental cleaning tools have been used. Indian medicine (Ayurveda) has used the neem tree, or daatun, and its products to create twigs for cleaning teeth and similar products; a person chews one end of the neem twig until it looks a bit like the bristles of a toothbrush, and then uses it to brush their teeth. In the Muslim world, miswak, or siwak, made from a branch or root, has antiseptic properties and has been widely used since the Islamic Golden Age.
Rubbing baking soda or chalk against your teeth was also common; however, this can have negative side effects over time. The most recent summary of evidence from the Australian Health and Hospital Association (AHHA) suggests that dental checkups should be done once every 3 years for adults and once every 2 years for children. It has been documented that dental professionals generally recommend more frequent visits, but this advice is contraindicated because of evidence that suggests that the frequency of checkups should be based on individual risk factors or on the AHHA's checkup program. Professional cleaning includes teeth scraping, teeth polishing and, if tartar has built up, debridement; this is usually followed by fluoride treatment.
However, the American Association of Dental Hygienists (ADHA) stated in 1998 that there is no evidence that scaling and polishing just above the gums provides therapeutic value, and cleaning should also be done under the gums. The Cochrane Oral Health Group found only three studies that met the criteria for inclusion in its study and found little evidence in them to support claims about the benefits of supragingival (above the gum) tooth scraping or polishing. Dental sealants, applied by dentists, cover and protect fissures and grooves in the chewing surfaces of the back teeth, preventing food from being trapped and thus stopping the decay process. An elastomer strip has been shown to force the sealant into opposing chewing surfaces and can also force fluoride toothpaste into chewing surfaces to help remineralize demineralized teeth.
Patients should be aware of the importance of brushing their teeth and flossing their teeth on a daily basis. First-time parents need to be educated to promote healthy habits in their children. There are a few different options on the market that can facilitate the use of dental floss if dexterity or coordination are a barrier, or if normal dental floss is preferred. Dental flossers are ideal for cleaning between braces, and flossettes are ideal for children and people with reduced dexterity.
Special flosettes are made for people with orthodontics. Interdental brushes come in a variety of color-coded sizes. They consist of a handle with a piece of wire covered with conical bristles, designed to be placed in the interdental space to remove plaque. Studies show that interdental brushes are equal to or more effective than dental floss in removing plaque and reducing gum inflammation.
They are especially recommended for people with orthodontics, often for use in addition to dental floss. Foods that help muscles and bones also help teeth. Vitamin C is needed, for example, to prevent scurvy, which is manifested as a serious gum disease. Chewing gum helps with oral irrigation between and around the teeth, cleaning and removing particles, but in poor teeth it can also damage or remove loose fillings.
Dental chewing gums claim to improve dental health. Sugar-free chewing gum stimulates saliva production and helps to clean the surface of the teeth. Regular vomiting, such as that seen in bulimia nervosa, and morning sickness also cause significant damage, due to acid erosion. To become a dental hygienist in the United States, you must attend a college or university that is approved by the Dental Accreditation Commission and undergo the National Board's dental hygiene exam.
There are several degrees that one can receive. An associate's degree after attending a community college is most common, and it only takes two years to earn it. After doing so, one can work in a dental office. There is also the option of obtaining a bachelor's or master's degree if you plan to work in an educational institute, either for teaching or research.
Normally, the body's natural defenses and good oral health care, such as brushing your teeth and flossing daily, keep bacteria under control. However, without proper oral hygiene, bacteria can reach levels that could cause oral infections, such as tooth decay and gum disease. The definition recognizes that oral health “is a fundamental component of physical and mental health and well-being.”. Other conditions that may be related to oral health include eating disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, certain types of cancer, and an immune system disorder that causes dry mouth (Sjogren's syndrome).