When performing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, gently tilt the person's head back. Place the other hand on his forehead and pinch his nose with your index finger (index finger) and thumb. Breathe normally, cover them and seal their open mouth with yours and blow into their mouth for about a second. Place your mouth firmly over your nose and mouth.
Take two quick, shallow breaths (smaller breaths than you would give to an adult). Watch for your chest to lift. In a CPR procedure, it is often necessary to use mouth to mouth, especially when a mask in the form of a bag or pocket is not available. It is a very effective way of providing oxygen to the patient's lungs without exposing the person to risks.
Keep in mind that 17% of the exhaled air will be composed of oxygen and 4% of carbon dioxide. This compares with 100% available oxygen ventilation, with 100% high-flow oxygen and 21% oxygen that is available in the ambient air we breathe. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a life-saving technique and is useful in many emergencies, such as a heart attack or near drowning, in which a person's breathing or heartbeat stop. The American Heart Association recommends starting CPR with strong and rapid chest compressions.
This hands-only CPR recommendation applies to both untrained bystanders and first responders. To perform chest compressions, kneel next to the person's neck and shoulders. Place the heel of one hand on the center of the person's chest and the other hand on the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and place your shoulders directly on your hands.
Using the weight of your upper body, push your chest down about 2 inches (5 centimeters), but no more than 2.4 inches (6 centimeters). Push hard at a speed of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. If you are not trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, continue chest compressions until signs of movement appear or until emergency medical personnel take control. If you have been trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, continue to open your airway and rescue your breath.
Open the airway with the head tilt and chin lift maneuver. Close the nostrils for mouth-to-mouth breathing and cover the person's mouth with your own, making a seal. Take the first rescue breath, which lasts one second, and see if your chest rises. If it goes up, breathe a second time.
If your chest doesn't lift, repeat the maneuver of tilting your head and raising your chin first, and then breathe a second time. Be careful not to breathe too much or to breathe too hard. After two breaths, immediately restart chest compressions to restore blood flow. Rescue breathing can consist of mouth-to-mouth breathing or mouth-to-nose breathing if the mouth is seriously injured or cannot be opened.
Current recommendations suggest performing rescue breathing with a bag-type mask device with a high-efficiency particulate air filter (HEPA). Follow these steps to get a child to breathe mouth to mouth. Cardiac arrest in infants is usually due to a lack of oxygen, for example due to asphyxiation. If you know that your baby has an airway obstruction, give first aid to drown.
If you don't know why the baby isn't breathing, perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. As with children, you may not be able to avoid mouth breathing, but you can get help to stop mouth breathing before it causes problems such as bad breath and restless sleep. If your child seems to breathe more through his mouth than through his nose, ask your healthcare provider to evaluate your child to determine if he is breathing through his mouth, including physical problems that may prevent him from breathing through his nose. .